Tummy Tuck

Tummy tuck surgery, also known as abdominoplasty, removes excess fat and skin and, in most cases, restores weakened or separated muscles creating an abdominal profile that is smoother and firmer.

Factors influencing a tummy tuck:

  • Aging
  • Heredity
  • Pregnancy
  • Prior surgery
  • Significant fluctuations in weight

There are various types of tummy tuck.


  • An incision is made from hip to hip just above the pubic area.
  • Another incision is made to free the navel from the surrounding skin.
  • The skin is detached from the abdominal wall to reveal the muscles and fascia to be tightened. The muscle fascia wall is tightened with sutures.
  • Liposuction is often used to refine the transition zones of the abdominal sculpture.
  • A dressing and sometimes a compression garment are applied and any excess fluid from the site is drained.


  • A smaller incision is made.
  • The skin and fat of the lower abdomen are detached in a more limited fashion from the muscle fascia. The skin is stretched down and excess skin removed.
  • Sometimes the belly button stalk is divided from the muscle below and the belly button slid down lower on the abdominal wall.
  • Sometimes a portion of the abdominal muscle fascia wall is tightened.
  • Liposuction is often used to contour the transition zone.
  • The flap is stitched back into place.


This is an advanced technique that takes a little more than four and half hours to perform. Conventional abdominoplasty tightens muscles in a vertical line. In this new method, known as high lateral tension abdominoplasty, in addition to vertical-line tightening, muscles are tightened horizontally. The final result with this technique is a dramatically flat abdomen with significantly better-defined waistline.


This new technique, also known as an extended mini abdominoplasty, allows for tightening and shaping through a smaller incision that isn't placed around the belly button. Through this smaller incision, excess skin is removed and the belly button is temporarily detached, floating above the muscles during this process. The muscles are tightened and reshaped from sternum to pubic area. The skin is then tightened and the belly button is reattached, or moved down one or two cm if desired. Liposuction may also be performed to achieve desirable results.


  • Bleeding
  • Fluid accumulation
  • Poor wound healing
  • Skin loss
  • Numbness or other changes in skin sensation
  • Anesthesia complications
  • Skin discoloration and/or prolonged swelling
  • Fatty tissue found deep in the skin might die (fat necrosis)
  • Major wound separation
  • Asymmetry
  • Recurrent looseness of skin
  • Pain, which may persist
  • Persistent swelling in the legs
  • Nerve damage


  • The procedure provides a person with a rigid and a well set flat stomach.
  • The most serious advantage that can be gained from the process of tummy tuck is the elimination of the unwanted skin lesions and the skin imperfections that exists on the skin of the stomach of the people.
  • It can be used along with the other clinical methods like liposuction to multiply the benefits of the body.
  • For the people who suffer from the big waist, this method becomes a boon. It helps to trim the waists to great lengths that is desired to make the waists to fall in proper size.


  • The scars usually do not go unnoticed. It is the obligation of the patients, especially women to discuss it with their doctors before undergoing the surgery. The scars will be permanent.
  • The recovery time is not short and may take months together to complete. This has to be taken into account as the person must make up for his loss of pay and job. So it is essential that a person takes into account these factors before thinking of undergoing the surgery.
  • Similar to all other medical procedures this procedure too has its own risks. The risks include the formation of blood clots and other skin related problems.
  • It is a major surgery but it also results in deaths of the patients.

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