Liposuction, or simply lipo, is a type of cosmetic surgery that removes fat from the human body in an attempt to change its shape. Evidence does not support an effect on weight beyond a couple of months and it does not appear to affect obesity related problems Areas operated on can include the abdomen, thighs, buttocks, and backs of the arms. The procedure may be performed under general, regional, or local anesthesia. It then involves using a cannulae and negative pressure to suck out fat. People operated on should generally have a normal weight and good skin elasticity.
WHO CAN BE A SUITABLE CANDIDATE?
Not everyone is suited for the procedure, however any individual who is above the age of 18 and has a good diet and exercise regimen can consider this option. In older people, the skin is usually less elastic, limiting the ability of the skin to readily tighten around the new shape. Liposuction of the abdominal fat should not be combined with simultaneous tummy tuck procedures due to higher risk of complications and mortality.
THE BASIC SURGICAL CHALLENGE OF ANY LIPOSUCTION PROCEDURE IS:
- To extract the right amount of fat.
- To cause the least disturbance of neighbouring tissue, such as blood vessels and connective tissue.
- To leave the person’s fluid balance undisturbed.
- To cause the least discomfort to the patient.
Depending on the extent of the liposuction, patients are generally able to return to work between two days and two weeks. A compression garment which can easily be removed by the patient is worn for two to four weeks, this garment must have elasticity and allow for use of bandages. If non-absorbable sutures are placed, they will be removed after five to ten days. Normal activity can be resumed anywhere from several days to several weeks afterwards, depending on the procedure. The final result will be evident anywhere from one to six months after surgery, although the patient will see noticeable difference within days or weeks, as swelling subsides.
COMMON SIDE EFFECTS OF LIPOSUCTION INCLUDE:
- Temporary swelling, bruising, soreness, and numbness in and around the treated areas.
- Irritation and minor scarring around the incision sites where the cannulas were inserted.
- Baggy or rippling skin. The skin will usually tighten and retract after a few months. But in some people the skin may remain somewhat loose.